Collection Guides

You are viewing guides in the subject area of World War II.

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FSC-16

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Theodore Benzinger Papers
1934-1984, .5 lin. ft.

Dr. Theodore Benzinger was in charge of a research laboratory in Rechlin, Germany. His high altitude research included decompression studies and work in an altitude chamber to stratosphere equivalent altitudes. In 1947, he began working at the U.S. Navy Medical Research Institute and at the National Bureau of Standards. The collection consists of copies of research papers, letters, and depositions.

Subject Area(s): Aerospace Medicine and Human Factors Engineering, World War II

MS-120

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Night Fighters of World War II Historical Collection
1942-1978, .5 lin. ft.

Consists of records relating to Night Fighter Squadrons serving in World War II. Includes pilot tests, squadron reports, individual flight records, rosters, unpublished chronologies of the 6th and 417th Night Fight Squadrons, and photographs. The collection also includes an audio recording of the 1978 Night Fighter Reunion which was held in Dayton, Ohio.

Subject Area(s): Aviation, World War II

MS-198

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Walter McCaslin Papers
1944-1984, .5 lin. ft.

McCaslin was a well-known Dayton journalist who was the art critic and book reviewer for both the Dayton Daily News and the Dayton Journal Herald. His papers consist primarily of letters written by McCaslin to an old friend in Zanesville where he grew up. Subjects covered include McCaslin's World War II experiences, his opinions about contemporary politics and political leaders, as well as his day to day activities. Also included in the collection is a selection of clippings of McCaslin's published writings.

Subject Area(s): Family and Personal Papers, World War II, Dayton Daily News

MS-214

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Harold R. Harris Papers
1917-1988, 7.3 lin. ft.

Harris was a World War I flyer and test pilot at McCook Field in Dayton during the early 1920s. He later became an executive with Pan American Airlines, American Overseas Airlines, and Northwest Airlines, as well as holding the rank of Colonel in the Army Air Transport Command during World War II. His papers consist of extensive correspondence, both personal and business, travel diaries, reports, newspaper clippings, personal logs detailing his activities and movements, speeches, photographs, and the manuscript of an unpublished book he authored about Pan American Airlines.

Subject Area(s): Aviation, World War II

MS-215

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Ringelblum Collection of Oral History Memoirs of the Holocaust Records
1977-1991, 6 lin. ft.

Collection consists of audio-taped interviews with accompanying typed transcripts of 34 Dayton-area individuals who were survivors of the Nazi Holocaust. Not all of the interviewees were incarcerated in concentration camps, but each had his or her life greatly altered by the Nazi regime. Also included in this collection are three video-taped programs produced from the original interviews which are for use in local classrooms to supplement Holocaust curriculum.

Subject Area(s): Civic Organizations, Oral History Collections, World War II

MS-218

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Josephine Schwarz Papers
1876-2004, 28 lin. ft.

The Josephine Schwarz Papers consist of a collection of the personal correspondence, photographs, writings, and memorabilia of Josephine and, to a lesser extent, the personal papers of her sister Hermene Schwarz. The collection encompasses a wide range of topics, including the Schwarz School of Dance, the Dayton Ballet, correspondence concerning dance and ballet-related issues, personal correspondence with family, friends, and students, her journals, diaries, and scrapbooks, ballet and family photographs, and memorabilia.

Subject Area(s): Arts, Family and Personal Papers, Women, World War II

MS-237

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Jack Savage Papers
1861-1993, 1.5 lin. ft.

Papers consist primarily of materials documenting Savage's military career in the Signal Corps during World War II and include his letters home, a scrapbook, photographs, a narrative of his experiences, and his basic training book. Also included are materials from his father who served in World War I, as well as a small collection of Civil War letters and papers from Savage's ancestors who fought in Ohio regiments.

Subject Area(s): Family and Personal Papers, World War II, Civil War

MS-239

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Survivors of the Holocaust Oral History Project Records (Dr. Charles Berry’s Papers)
1977-1985, 1.5 lin. ft.

The Survivors of the Holocaust Oral History Project was established in 1977 as a joint effort by Antioch College and Wright State University. Its purpose was to interview and preserve stories of survivors of the Nazi Holocaust who settled in the Dayton, Ohio, area. The records consist of meeting minutes, correspondence, lists of potential interviewees, clippings, and publicity. The Project produced the Emmanuel Ringelblum Collection of Oral History Memoirs of the Holocaust.

Subject Area(s): Civic Organizations, Oral History Collections, World War II

MS-326

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Ina Bicknell Collection
1933-1947, .5 lin. ft.

The Ina Bicknell collection consists of photographs relating to aviation. The photographs in this collection relate to topics such as pilots, airplanes, naval ships, and military personnel around the time of World War II. The collection also contains aerial photographs of city landscapes and of the 1937 flood in southwest Ohio and Kentucky.

Subject Area(s): Aviation, Photographic Collections, 1913 Flood History, World War II

MS-342

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Charles A. Kline Papers
1917-1922, .25 lin. ft.

Contains correspondence to and from Charles A. Kline during his time as a soldier in WWI. Also included is a CD which contains scans of the Charles A. Kline Papers.

Subject Area(s): Family and Personal Papers, World War II, World War I

MS-440

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Lieutenant General Frank Maxwell Andrews Collection
1874-2003 (bulk 1931-1947), 12 lin. ft.

Lieutenant General Frank Maxwell Andrews played a major role in building the U.S. Army Air Corps of the 1930s into the powerful U.S. Army Air Forces of World War II. At the time of his death in May 1943, he was the commander of all U.S. forces in the European Theater of Operations. The largest portion of the Andrews Collection consists of family correspondence sent between members of the Andrews family, including letters from General Andrews, his wife, Jeannette, and his parents, siblings, children, and relatives and friends. The collection also contains a variety of photographs of General Andrews and family members, along with newspaper clippings and memorabilia.

Subject Area(s): Aviation, Family and Personal Papers, World War II

MS-453

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Charles and Grace Bost Papers
1935-1943 (bulk 1942), .5 lin. ft

The Charles and Grace Bost Papers consist of World War II-era correspondence. There are 67 letters between Charles and Grace of Springfield, Ohio. Charles entered the service in July 1942 and was stationed in Tennessee while Grace remained in Springfield, Ohio.

Subject Area(s): World War II, Family and Personal Papers

SC-104

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George Higginbotham World War II Letter
1943, 1 folder

Copy of letter written by Higginbotham to his father while he was stationed in Italy during World War II.

Subject Area(s): World War II, Family and Personal Papers

SC-105

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Edward Lang Papers
1942-1945, 1 folder

Letters from Lang written while in US Navy during World War II, describing family issues and his role as an investigator of persons of interest in Germany following the war.

Subject Area(s): World War II, Family and Personal Papers

SC-106

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Lloyd Kress Papers
1945-1995, 1 folder

V-mail written by Kress home and photocopies of newspaper clippings, both from 1945 and from 1995, as part of a retrospective series. Kress witnessed the Japanese surrender aboard the USS Missouri.

Subject Area(s): World War II, Family and Personal Papers

SC-107

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Seth Furnas World War II Papers
1945-1946, 1 folder

Photographs, V-mail and letters from Furnas, who was stationed in Europe during World War II. He saw action at Remagen and witnessed Holocaust atrocities.

Subject Area(s): World War II, Family and Personal Papers, Photographic Collections

SC-133

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World War II Ration Book
1943, 1 folder

Ration book one, including certificate of registrar to Virgil J. Roush of Columbus, Ohio, issued March 1943.

Subject Area(s): World War II, Politics

SC-263

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Stanley Bagnall Oral History Interview
2007, 1 folder

This collection contains a DVD of an oral history interview of Stanley Bagnall concerning his experience as a pilot in the Pacific Theater of World War II. The interview was conducted by Professor Sam Wilson on November 15, 2007.

Subject Area(s): Aviation, World War II, Oral History Collections

SC-269

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Pearl Harbor Collection
1940-1941, 1986, .5 lin. ft.

The collection contains twelve 5" x 7" letterpress halftone photographs taken by Navy photographers on December 7, 1941 during and immediately following the attack on Pearl Harbor. Included are photographs of the USS Arizona, USS Maryland, USS Oklahoma, USS West Virginia, USS Tennessee, USS Shaw, USS Downes, USS Cassin, USS Pennsylvania, USS Helena, USS Nevada, and USS Oglala. Two photographs pre-date the attack: Amelia Earhart in Honolulu, Hawaii, and of Franklin D. Roosevelt with his son in Honolulu, both circa 1940. Also included is a pictorial history, and a Dec. 7, 1941 issue of the Honolulu Star-Bulletin newspaper.

Subject Area(s): World War II

SC-278

Martin "Ray" Hertz, War & Work Memoirs
1940-1957, 38 items

This collection consists of one binder of writings by Mr. Hertz on his career in the US Army Air Corps through the United States Air Force, and later the Ohio Air National Guard. The writings chronicle the time period between 1940 and 1957.

Subject Area(s): Aviation, World War II

SC-280

U.S. Army WWII Correspondence Course Kit
1943-1944 (36 items)

The collection consists of several correspondence courses which were to be taken by Army medics preparing for deployment to the Pacific Theatre. There are ten booklets on various diseases and treatments, two exams, and instructions.

Subject Area(s): World War II

SC-287

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"…the job ahead" Summary of the Report on the State of World War II, 1943
1943, 1 item

Collection consists of a two-page newspaper format publication in color printed by the Dayton Emergency Committee summarizing a report from “General Marshall, Chief of Staff and other high-ranking Army officers on the state of the war and the job that must be done to insure victory over the Axis.” The publication includes the article “War Department Shows What it Will Take to Win” by Under Secretary of War Robert P. Patterson, as well as summaries of reports by high ranking Army officials on “The Strength of the Axis”, “Strategic Bombing of Germany”, “The Military Task”, “Air Strategy Against Japan”, “Air Bases”, “Supply by Air”, ”Air Force Production”, “Logistics”, “Requirements”, “The Will to Fight”, “The Job on the Home Front”, “The Pacific Area”, and “Manpower”.

Subject Area(s): Aviation, World War II

SC-37

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Jean Moreo Papers
1977, 1 folder

Collection contains copies of photographs and a newspaper article concerning Moreo, a WASP and a member of the Civil Air Patrol during World War II.

Subject Area(s): Aviation, Women, World War II

3640 Colonel Glenn Highway, Dayton, Ohio 45435. Phone: 937.775.2525